Everything is Miscellaneous
David Weinberger
p. 13 – the solution to the overabundance of information is more information; ex. Too many photos on Flickr -> tagging
p. 17 –
  • first order organization ->things
  • second order -> catalog
  • third order -> digital (professional – Corbis)/ (open – Flickr tags)

p.22 – 2nd order organization is often as much about authority as it is about making things easier to find
p. 28 – two great drawbacks of paper
  • only one way to organize
  • limited space
p.62 – Dewey to Amazon
  1. single universal system to catalog books ->unique org. for each user
  2. books arranged by subject ->tries to find every way one might ? to the book we know to others
  3. precision of decimals ->books thrown at user w/ abandon
  4. map knowledge ->sell books
  5. organize geography -> treat as a dog pile
p.82 – lumping & splitting: seems natural & leads to trees ending in leaves
  • faceted classification
  • sort on many categories but always end with something
  • useful for sorting on multiple categories
  • -paper leads to trees
  • -in 3rd order, infinite ways to sort
p. 90 – trees create “controlled vocabulary” but only possible w/ authority (i.e. Getty thesaurus for artworks)
p. 91 – “classification is a power struggle”
p. 100 – “how their content is actually arranged does not determine how that content can & will be arranged by their users”
p. 108 – librarything.com is a Personal Ubiquitous Library Project
p. 113 -- "include and postpone"
p. 113 - essentialism (Aristotle) to
p. 125 - intertwingularity (Ted Nelson)
p. 125 - AURA Project - Microsoft Research -- annotate everything through UPC (now ended)
p. 133 -- "This creates a conundrum for businesses as they enter the digital order. If they don't allow their users to structure information for themselves, they'll lose their patrons. If they do allow patrons to structure information for themselves, the organizations will lose much of their authority, power, and control."
p. 135 - "At Wikipedia, credibility isn't about an author's credentials; it's about an author's contributions."
p. 136 -- Wales: "an article is neutral when people have stopped changing it."
p. 142 - "contextual metadata"
  • Britannica - trust enables us to be "passive knowers"
  • Wikipedia - provides lots of metadata (links, history, discussion) so actively involved.
p. 145 - "conversation improves expertise by exposing weaknesses, introducting new viewpoints, and pushing ideas into accessible form."

Chapter 8 - What Nothing Says

Chapter 10 - The Work of Knowledge
p. 203 - "Paper drives thoughts into our heads. The Web releases thoughts before they're ready so we can work on them together."
p. 209 - "Complexified knowledge" - ex. Bush speeck on 5/15/2006 - 2,537 words, later that day over 2400 blog posts
p. 211 - "dialectic of simplicity and complexity" -- constantly trying to simplify to absorb